What is the humane microbiome? Scientists have been working to specify the definition of the human microbiome and the microbiota that can often be used interchangeably. The microbiome is defined as the catalog of the microbial taxa associated microbes and their genes whereas microbiota as the microbial taxa composed of bacteria, yeasts, fungi, viruses. The ratio of bacteria in the human body to the number of human cells (≈37 trillion) is estimated to be 1.3. If we have more of these microorganisms than we have our own human cells and carry around of them about 0.2 kg in our body, what is their relevance to our health and disease?
- Gastrointestinal (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes and obesity)
- Virus (e.g., Theiler’s Murine Encephalomyelitis (TMEV), Poliovirus, Reovirus, Mouse Mammary Tumor Virus (MMTV)), and
- Inflammatory and autoimmune diseases (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA), multiple sclerosis (MS), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and reactive arthritis (ReA))
So far we have learnt that microbiome represents an important environmental factor that can influence various disease manifestation. Discussion focuses on the therapeutic potential to modify the intestinal microbial population with probiotics, prebiotics, and taking care of the oral microbiome. We can boost our innate immune and the adaptive immune system improving our diet, lowering stress, and exercising regularly with supporting our body’s microbiome.